Dating a scythian tomb

The Scythian kurgan, or burial mound, was uncovered during power-line development in the Caucasus Mountains of southern Russia in 2013.

Dubbed Sengileevskoe-2 by archaeologists called in to excavate the mound, it was found the site had at one time been looted and not much was presumed to lie within.

The discovery of the buried hoard beneath the kurgan remained secret until excavations could be completed.

The incredible finds “are shedding light on the shadowy world of the Scythians, fierce nomads whose exploits—and drug-fueled rituals—were chronicled by the Greek historian Herodotus,” an article from National Geographic reports.

“It was a big investment, moreover, every extra opening in a castle wall was harder to keep from enemies,” said Peter Bednár of the Slovak Academy of Sciences.Among the questions he hopes to answer are: Why did early people paint hands in caves? Do the paintings have anything to say about the role of Paleolithic women?Why are fingers missing from the hands in some of the paintings? A long corridor in the tomb was decorated with an unusual array of murals, including depictions of fantastical creatures, such as a winged horse carrying a tiger in its mouth, a blue monster-like figure that appears to be leaping or falling, and a nearly naked god known as the Master of the Wind running in the direction of the burial chamber.“When we started our research six years ago, we had no gateway, now we have two of them,” said researcher Jaroslav Gorás.The newly discovered gate is thought to date to the thirteenth century, and is located in the oldest part of the small castle.

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